CURRENT ISSUE:  OCTOBER 2023

Illuminations: The Treaty of Versailles and Ireland – Part I

world leaders

World War I ended with the Armistice declared on November 11, 1918. The Paris Peace Conference convened in January 1919 at the Versailles Palace just outside Paris. The peace conference was called to establish the terms of peace after World War I.

All though nearly thirty nations participated in the conference, the representatives of “The Big Four” (England, France, the United States, and Italy) …

Illuminations: The Monastery at Clonmacnoise

Illuminations

The monastic way of life, which began in Egypt in the 3rd century, was introduced into Ireland by St. Patrick. He wrote of consecrating, “The sons and daughters of the leaders of the Irish are seen to be monks and virgins of Christ!” Monastic communities in the strict sense, involving vows, complete seclusion and discipline, owes its origins in Ireland to

Illuminations: The Hessians

The Hessians

Most history books refer to the Hessians as “mercenaries,” but the more correct term for them would be “auxiliaries.” Mercenaries served